Your lower back pain can have its root cause in a variety of problems, with any part of the complex network of spinal muscles, nerves, bones, discs or tendons in the lumbar spine, being the cause. Diagnosing lower back pain and typical reasons for low back pain include:
- The large nerve roots in the lower back that go to the legs may be compressed or irritated.
- The smaller nerves that supply the lower back may be similarly irritated
- The large paired lower back muscles could be strained
- The bones, ligaments or joints could be damaged
- An inter-vertebral disc may be degenerating
Lower back issues can also cause back muscle spasms, which can be the cause of severe pain and disability.
For the initial diagnosis of lower back pain, Doctors will ask you to describe the location, severity and type of pain, in addition to the history of the pain – when you started to feel it, and any activities or positions that make the pain better or worse. The basic analysis based on your history will help your Doctor categorize the lower back pain. It’s really important diagnosing lower back pain and classify the pain so that the right treatment plan can be started.